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> Normative positions should be subject to rigorous investigation and must be shaped by what we learn.

I think that staking out bold normative changes to large organizations, and especially ones with an incremental and conservative disposition, frequently requires taking bold stances and preaching from a soapbox for extended periods of time. A leader in the wilderness, functionally, who is eventually brought into the fold via a political appointment. I think it's hard to express nuance and uncertainty from the pulpit; perhaps a better way of framing this type of change is that we should be willing to abandon any given normative change but that we need ironclad exponents of the viewpoint.

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